Osnat Lubrani: Marking of 11th Anniversary of SCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security
Marking of 11th Anniversary of SCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security
The Governmental Building, 3 Nov 2010
Dear Deputy PMs: Mr. Kuqi and Ms. Tahiri, Ministers, representatives from the Kosovo Government, civil society, international communities, and other participants.
On behalf of the United Nations Kosovo Team, I am pleased to be among you and say few words at this special occasion, marking the 11th anniversary of UN Security Resolution 1325, and for reaffirming the role of women in political and development processes.
The UN SCR 1325 is a powerful tool that stresses the specials needs and protection of women in conflict situations, as well as the importance of women's equal participation and full involvement in all efforts to maintain and promote sustainable peace and security.
Despite the efforts and progress made so far in the past 11 years, we constantly need to be vigilant to ensure that women’s perspectives and priorities remain on public agenda and their leadership in peace making and security negotiations is strongly supported.
We need to ensure that gender as a cross cutting issue in policy and planning documents does not remain as a rhetoric, but get to the level of concrete addressing of women’s needs in Kosovo society.
To further support the UNSCR 1325 at the global level, additional UN Security Resolutions 1820, 1888 and 1889 are adopted to specifically address prevention, protection and security needs of women in response to prevent conflict-related sexual violence, including sanctions for perpetrators – therefore efforts to attain long lasting peace must address those issues.
In the contexts of these global efforts to address 1325, the UNKTs network /group called the Security Gender Coordination Group which comprised of stakeholders from the government, civil society, EUSR, EULEX, OSCE, and UN agencies is working on linking-up efforts in order to take a holistic approach to share, build on insights and jointly address women’s perspective on human security needs.
Last year, on the occasion of Global Open Day on SCR 1325, UN together with all actors involved in Security Gender Coordination Group, supported a range of activities to promote and strengthen the dialogue between Kosovo women peace advocates and decision-makers. As result, recommendations voiced by Kosovo women, from all communities to reflect the gains and the gaps of ten years of the resolution efforts were addressed at the Security Council on 1325.
As part of our meeting today- here, I invite all of you to follow up on those recommendations.
The common messages heard across the topics were
(i) Increased and/or dedicated budget for women’s human rights and security issues;
(ii) Support for women’s human safety and security (economic/social/cultural /political); and
(iii) Increased and secured women’s representations and participation at decision making levels (from communities to higher level authorities). Of several specific recommendations they made, (1) 30% representation of women in peace talks (technical) negotiation with Belgrade and other processes; and (2) end of impunity for war crimes, including sexual violence and transitional justice and women, should be highlighted here.
Some of the constructive suggestions to the UN and international community are being taken forward such as: allocation of dedicated fund/budget for women’s human rights/security issues. At this point UNKT has recently launched a joint Programme with five UN Agencies: UNDP, UNICEF, UN Women, UNFPA and WHO funded by the Norwegian government.
Some of other recommendations are to feed our discussions today as well as to continue to follow up on, after this meeting:
- In politics, leadership and decision making- 30% of women must be present in the party lists, as ministers, deputies and negotiation teams. As of today we have Parliament with the quota system in place and fulfilled. But we have compared to me only 1/3 of women political advisors at the Presidential level and ¼ at the governmental levels. In public administration 1/5 jobs are held by women with zero senior positions filled by minority women. 1 in four seats are held by women at the municipal level and zero at the Mayor’s position. Increased support to women minorities in political leadership for representation for their needs and improving reintegration efforts.
- In legislative level, the Laws related to gender equality are in place, but lack full implementation capacities, especially with respect to property and inheritance rights. Higher budget should be allocated by the government for this law.
- On economic part we still face high unemployment rates for women with 55 %, compared to men - 39%. Labor force participation rate are distinctively lower for women In Kosovo- women 26.1 % vs. men 65.8%. EU average (2007) -women was 64 % and in 2008 the female unemployment rate was about 17 % points higher than the one for the males. We rely on the government and international donors to provide special funds for women’s economic advancement and employment.
- We should also reaffirm the important role of civil society involvement in all of the above. Especially women’s organizations. It is recommended that 25% of donor funds should go to programmes that protect women’s rights to have an impact on sustainability of our efforts.
We all strongly believe that lasting peace, stability and sustainable development in Kosovo can only be achieved if all inhabitants and communities are able to fully exercise their economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and have full and equal access to inclusive public services and goods.
That is why in the UNKT Common Development Plan gender is streamlined across all its strategic themes as an ingrained part of the CDP implementation.
In light of Kosovo’s European aspirations and in an effort to make Kosovo an inclusive society that upholds the EU and International principles and standards -- there is a way to go for all of us – to help Kosovo establish mechanism/s that would inform and track progress, including budget allocations related to women’s peace and security.
We, all together need to work hard to first of all put in practice the principles of 1325 in our daily work and look closely at the ways we can jointly promote and empower the role of the women as key accelerator to development, peace and security.