UNDP Launches Kosovo Human Development Report 2012
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched on 14 May 2012, the seventh Human Development Report for Kosovo. The launch of the Report - entitled Private Sector and Employment - was hosted by UN Development Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative Ms. Osnat Lubrani, with statements by the Deputy Prime Minister, Ms. Mimoza Kusari-Lila and Minister of Labour and Social Welfare, Mr. Nenad Rasic.
The Kosovo HDR 2012 focuses on the linkages between human development and private sector expansion showing that private sector growth is intricately connected with Kosovo's social context and that it needs to be built from a much wider and fairer base than currently to unleash the real potential of Kosovo's market place. The report itself was produced by UNDP and Riinvest, Kosovo's primary economic think-tank. A new survey on Enterprise Barriers was prepared and conducted by Riinvest with a representative sample of 600 business owners across the reach of Kosovo, and results tested through focus groups with wider audiences.
Some of the findings deriving from the KHDR 2012 are:
· One in three enterprises is informal and unregistered
· Only 4 percent have more than 10 employees
· One in four working age kosovans is employed.
· Only one out of ten women of working age is employed
· Out of ten young job seekers only three find jobs
· Three in ten young people think that education is important for employment
· Only one in five of employees got their job through education and qualifications.
· Informality, evasion, corruption and unfavourable financing conditions are perceived as main barriers by businesses
Human Development Report offers following recommendations:
1. Build a vision for inclusive growth
· a. Establish a cross-government inclusive growth strategy
· b. Start a government-led participatory dialogue for growth
2. Create the right climate for fair and sustainable enterprise
· a. Set a target for the growth and development of small to medium enterprises
· b. Tackle a climate of unfair business practices
· c. Reform burdensome or anti-competitive regulatory mechanisms
· d. Focus on access to and cost of finance as a key engine of business expansion
· e. Increase capacities for accountable implementation and enforcement of laws
· f. Provide education and outreach on labour laws
· g. Implement laws on energy efficiency and environment
3. Connect men and women with an equitable marketplace
a. Set graduated targets for labour force participation rates among men and women
b. Partner with businesses to support youth enterprise and innovation.
c. Establish a lifelong-learning culture
d. Link Social Assistance to Employment
e. Integrate remittances into investment strategies.
f. Establish a funding pool for green job creation.
In her speech, opening the event, Ms. Osnat Lubrani, the UN Development Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative said: "As you know, UNDP together with all the other UN agencies - is deeply committed to support the Kosovo government and all people of Kosovo advance as quickly, effectively on a path its path to EU integration - with the ultimate end goal being a Kosovo that is a modern democracy, prosperous, a place where present and future generations can thrive. Our efforts are strongly geared towards helping those groups and individuals in society that need extra help, those who are vulnerable, marginalized and excluded so they can be lifted into the mainstream and enjoy their rights. We believe that the vision of a economically prosperous Kosovo goes hand in hand with a vision for a society that is fair and inclusive, with minimal disparities between rich and poor, between haves and have-nots".