UNDP Discusses Preliminary Results of KHDR 2014
United Nations Development Programme conducted a series of roundtables with authors, relevant stakeholders, partners and the media to discuss preliminary findings of the upcoming Kosovo Human Development Report 2014 ‘Migration as a Force for development’. The report consists of five chapters, each focusing on a particular area, which was also the theme of the five roundtables.
The first one dealt with the impact of migration and remittances on education and health in Kosovo. The chapter further elaborates on how remittances impact the educational attainment and health status of family members left behind as well as how migration impacts the education and health status of those who migrate/d from Kosovo.
The second roundtable discussed the effects of migration and remittances in Kosovan economy. A research that provides an overview of key macroeconomic indicators and the likely effects of remittances and other migration-related flows on economic development based on this and a review of relevant empirical studies was presented. Topics such as: affecting business development in Kosovo with Diaspora investments, potential sectors and incentives for Diaspora investments as well as the role of migrants in the “made in Kosovo” exports were the focus of this discussion.
The third roundtable explored the civic engagement, social remittances and Diaspora participation. It examined various forms in which people’s mobility in both the host countries and the country of origin impacts their public participation, investigated what determines the willingness of Kosovan residents and members of the Diaspora to engage in the political and social process in Kosovo and to support human development in Kosovo through donations of time and money.
At the fourth roundtable UNDP and roundtable participants discussed mobility, gender equality and social inclusion. One of main findings that was presented from this chapter was that migration can contribute to gender equality and social inclusion through financial and social remittances. The chapter also attempts to assess the impact of migration upon elderly people that remain in Kosovo. Questions that were elaborated included how do women migrants benefit from migration; how does migration support female headed households; and how does migration impact the lives of women left behind and in turn their decision making power.
The fifth, and final chapter, dealt with evolving patterns of demography, migration, and the Kosovan Diaspora today. In this chapter the author presented the history of successive waves of migration, both voluntary and forced; placed migration in the context of demographic trends; estimated the size of the Diaspora; and reviewed available information on patterns of migration, socio-economic and composition. The author also took a closer look at the current outflow of migrants as it may affect human development through its skill composition, the impact on family members left behind, and the socioeconomic profile of current and potential returnees.