Kosovo Safety & Security Project (KSSP)
KSSP is a holistic security approach aiming to support the development of the relevant legal framework, strategies, and action plans. This will result in various outcomes focused on small arms control, safer communities and preventing violent extremism. For example, small arms control will be furthered through developing the professional capacities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Kosovo Police in the fight against illegal weapons possession and illicit trafficking. This will be supported through the establishment of a Firearms Focal Point (FFP) serving as a centre of excellence for gun crime investigators, prosecutors and police commanders by analysing criminal intelligence and forensic intelligence into knowledge products, which will be used as guidance for Kosovo Police but also other institutions like customs, border police and the financial intelligence unit. It will further put in place adequate legislation and standard operating procedures for protection of critical infrastructure that is often managed by private entities. KSSP is also focusing on the safer community output which builds on best practices learned from FERM and further addresses volume crime, domestic violence and hate crime in selected municipalities. It is further envisaged that strategies and action plans for prevention of radicalization, rehabilitation and reintegration will be put in place to support risk mitigation measures.
What do we want to achieve?
KSSP’s objective is to increase public safety for all inhabitants through finding local solutions for local problems while also supporting central level institutions. This integrated approach will lead to policies and legislation as well as implementation mechanisms in line with international standards, increased capacity to address potential risk and threats coming from illegal weapon and explosives possession, potential access to them by violent extremists, as well as minimization of their impact at the domestic, regional and global level.
Outputs and Results
Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE)
This project seeks to further build on the results established by the FERM project during 2016 and support the Kosovo stakeholders implementing the Strategy on Prevention of Violent Extremism and Radicalization Leading to Terrorism 2016-2020 and its accompanying action plan. Additionally, the project will support the Kosovo stakeholders to develop an integrated response to protect critical infrastructure.
1. Policies and programmes are based on a profound understanding of the pull and push factors as well as root causes driving vulnerable individuals to radicalization.
2. Community engagement in design and implementation of PVE programmes to reflect the context specificity of violent extremism dynamics, and the inclusion of all actors involved to strengthen local resilience to violent extremism. (For example, the Referral Mechanism being piloted in Gjilan)
3. Harmonized policies and legislation pertaining to critical infrastructure developed and Operator and Security Plans implemented in line with EU legislation.
4. Institutional capacity on protection of critical infrastructure developed and Operational Security Plans implemented in line with legislation.
5. Public awareness, knowledge sharing and advocacy campaigns aimed at building the resilience of citizens vulnerable to radicalization with gender-lens applied.
Firearms and explosives Risk Mitigation (FERM)
This project seeks to further build on the successes by the FERM project during 2015 and 2016 and support the Kosovo stakeholders during the drafting and implementation of the new Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) Strategy in line with the International Small Arms Control Standards and EU related legislation.
1. Policy and legislation developed in accordance to international standards
2. Comprehensive approach to reducing the risks of weapons and explosives that threaten public safety defined in the new Small Arms, Ammunition and Explosives Control Strategy 2017-2021 and Action Plan implemented.
3. Institutional Capacity Developed and Research implemented in line with Training plan defined in Action Plan of the Small Arms, Ammunition and Explosives Control Strategy 2017-2021.
Safer Community Development
The project’s objective is to use existing structures and methodology which provided tangible results and was implemented during the former KOSSAC and FERM projects to address the root causes for the demand for weapons as well as radicalization. This project will address; increasing trust in the police, crime prevention, reduction of demand for weapons, local root causes for radicalization and impact of weapons and radicalization on women and children as victims.
1. Audits at municipal level used for action planning towards safer community plans.
2. Institutional capacity developed at municipal level to deal with root causes of illegal weapon possession (mainly for self-protection) and radicalization.
3. The reduction of cases of gender-based and domestic violence resulting from weapon possession and radicalization.