6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
The child health status in Kosovo is considered the poorest compared to the rest of Europe
Despite slight improvements, the health sector remains one of the most vulnerable amongst public service sectors in Kosovo. The child health status in Kosovo is considered the poorest compared to the rest of Europe and neighboring countries. The infant mortality rate is considered between 35 to 49 per 1,000 live births, whereas under-five mortality rate even higher: 69 per 1,000 live births (DHS 2003, SOK).The immunization services are functional with average 95% of children vaccinated and financed by the governmental budget. In 2009, 94% of children are vaccinated against Measles, Mumps and Rubella – MMR antigens (National Institute of Public Health – NIPH 2009). Immunization coverage remains much lower among Roma, Ashkalia, Egyptian communities.
Where does Kosovo stand
Progress is difficult to measure on the health of children and health in general considering the quality of data available. Perinatal mortality rate continues to be on a positive declining trend: from 29.1/1000 lives in 2000 to 19.3/1000 lives in 2009 (Perinatal Situation in Kosovo for 2000 – 2009, Immunization against measles continues to remain at a high level.
Minority groups such as Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities and children from rural areas face more difficulties in getting immunized.In parallel, a huge effort has been done by WHO and all Health Stakeholders in the North to fight against lead-contamination rate, alarmingly high in Mitrovica Schools.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles