6 Promote gender equality and empower women
Where we are?
Only one Municipality is led by a woman
Kosovo ranks with 0.76on the Gender Development Index, the lowest in the Balkan region. Gender disparity in Kosovo remains an issue of concern and even if figures show a less negative position of girls in the education system, it can be clearly noted that they are disproportionately represented in all levels of education. Women are disadvantaged in the economic sector through an alarming unemployment rate. Of those women who are a part of labor force (only 28.4%), only 12% are thought to have a permanent full-time job and only 6% (SOK 2009) of women account for Kosovo’s business owners.
Where does Kosovo Stand
The representation of women in the Assembly of Kosovo is positive, and second highest in the region; this is mainly due to electoral quota put in place. However, women do not enjoy enough influence in decision-making processes of political party structures. None of the municipalities or municipal assemblies is led by women; only two of 17 ministries of the central government have women ministers. Progress has been made in a number of areas e.g. the illiteracy rate for women continues to fall, however there is still a visible gap between percentage of literate men and women.
Also, a significant gender gap remains in both rural and RAE communities. The ratio of boys to girls in primary education is unchanged since the 2004 report at 52:48. This number falls to 44% for girls in the latter grades of secondary education. The numbers of women in Kosovo’s parliament has increased from 28% in 2004 to 31% in 2010. Kosovo’s Gender Empowerment Indicator ranks higher, due to 30% of seats in parliament; it scores 0.465, placing Kosovo approximately in 52nd place globally.
UNDP's work in Kosovo
he Women Caucus of the Assembly of Kosovo and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), respectively the Parliamentary Development for Social Policies (PDSP) Project, organized an exhibitionmore
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG3
- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
- Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
- Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
- Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament