6 Achieve universal primary education

Where we are?

 Boy reading Hamlet

Achieving universal primary education means more than full enrollment and literacy

Enrollment ratio among children is universal at all levels except in higher secondary education where the dropout rate increases. The number of drop outs among girls is higher than boys. Children with special needs remain disadvantaged. It is considered that only one out of ten children with special needs is enrolled in primary school. The opportunities for further continuation of their education remain weak. Children belonging to minority communities, such as Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians, Turk and Gorani have a lower rate of enrollment and attendance. Literacy rate among 15-24 years-olds is not fully universal. Around 4.6% of youth remain illiterate, with rural areas and women more disadvantaged.

Where does Kosovo Stand

Achieving universal primary education means more than full enrollment and literacy. It also means that children receive quality education which could prepare them for upper level education, better skills and employment opportunities.
Progress has been made when it comes to achieving universal primary education for all children in Kosovo. However, the challenge still remains to provide better conditions for enrollment to children with special needs, minority and vulnerable groups who normally do not have access to basic education (around 20% of Minorities children do not attend school).
In the meantime, progress in the ratio of attendance between girls to boys in all levels of education has been little. The gap widens in the upper level of education where for every 100 boys, there are only 80 girls, still the highest difference in Europe between girls and boys enrolled. An equal participation in education is essential to ensuring a bright future and perspective for all the population of Kosovo. If this MDG is on track and increasing, last reports (HDR on Social Inclusion 2010) shows that it is not accomplished and gaps remain consequent.

Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men